|blank cell||Type 99 Long Rifle|
|RATE OF FIRE||1 per 2 rounds|
|MAGAZINE CAPACITY||5 rounds|
|BASE RANGE||110 yards|
|COMBAT USE: Imperial Japanese Army & Navy|
During their long campaign in China, the Japanese found that the 6.5mm cartridge of their Arisaka rifles was inadequate, and sought to replace it with the more powerful 7.7mm cartridge. The Meiji Year 99, or Type 99, was an Arisaka design built around the new cartridge, and was put into production in 1939. The Type 99 followed the same Arisaka model that had been in service since the turn of the century, but had a number of interesting and useless gadgets like a monopod and adjustable sights for targeting aircraft. A more significant addition was chrome plating to the barrel and bolt face, which allowed the Type 99 to fire a great deal of corrosive ammunition without malfunction. The Type 99 retained the noisy and grime-prone dust cover of the basic Arisaka design, as well as the unusually long length of the Type 38.
With their entry into the Second World War, the Japanese quickly ran into numerous logistical problems replacing their stocks of the Type 38 with the new Type 99. Nevertheless, the Type 99 remained in service, but, beginning in 1943, a lesser version of the rifle was produced that stripped away many of the new features and utilized inferior materials as wartime demands grew. These "substitute Type 99" rifles were very poorly-made and were often dangerous to fire.